Week 8: From gangster rap to conspicuous consumption

Murray Forman  (2000) ‘‘Represent’: race, space and place in rap music’ Popular Music, Vol 19, Iss 1, pp 65-90, http://www.jstor.org/stable/853712 [alt link]

Mickey Hess (2005) ‘Metal Faces, Rap Masks: Identity and Resistance in Hip Hop’s Persona Artist’, Popular Music & Society, Vol 28, No 3, pp. 297-311, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007760500105149 [alt link]

Jon Pareles (1989) ‘Rap Group Disbands Under Fire’, New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/1989/06/29/arts/rap-group-disbands-under-fire.html

Layli Phillips, Kerri Reddick-Morgan and Dionne Patricia Stephens (2005), ‘Oppositional Consciousness within an Oppositional Realm: The Case of Feminism and Womanism in Rap and Hip Hop, 1976-2004’, The Journal of African American History, Vol. 90, No. 3, pp. 253-277

Vincent Stephens (2005) ‘Pop goes the rapper: a close reading of Eminem’s gender phobia’, Popular Music, 24, pp 21-36 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0261143004000261

Greg Tate (1992) ‘Posses in effect: Ice-T’, in Flyboy in the Buttermilk: Essays on Contemporary America, New York: Simon & Schuster

Toure (1994) ‘Only One Star in the Two Schools of Rap’, New York Times, August 14, http://www.nytimes.com/1994/08/14/arts/pop-view-only-one-star-in-the-two-schools-of-rap.html 

Werner, Craig (2002) A Change is Gonna Come, Edinburgh, Cannongate Books Ltd (chapter 56)

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